Love – Life

“Anyone who falls in love is searching for the missing pieces of themselves. So anyone who’s in love gets sad
when they think of their lover. It’s like stepping back inside a room you have fond memories of, one you
haven’t seen in a long time.”

― Haruki Murakami

“Two people can sleep in the same bed and still be alone when they close their eyes” – Haruki Murakami, Hard-Boiled Wonderland and the End of the World

“Everyone may be ordinary, but they’re not normal.” – Haruki Murakami, Hard-Boiled Wonderland and the End of the World

“If you can love someone with your whole heart, even one person, then there’s salvation in life. Even if you can’t get together with that person1.” – Haruki Murakami, 1Q84

“I can bear any pain as long as it has meaning.” – Haruki Murakami, 1Q84

“That’s what the world is , after all: an endless battle of contrasting memories.” – Haruki Murakami, 1Q84

“You can hide memories, but you can’t erase the history that produced them.” – Haruki Murakami,2 Colorless Tsukuru Tazaki and His Years of Pilgrimage

“One heart is not connected to another through harmony alone. They are, instead, linked deeply through their wounds. Pain linked to pain, fragility to fragility. There is no silence without a cry of grief, no forgiveness without bloodshed, no acceptance without a passage through acute loss. That is what lies at the root of true harmony.” – Haruki Murakami, Colorless Tsukuru Tazaki and His Years of Pilgrimage

“As we go through life we gradually discover who we are, but the more we discover, the more we lose ourselves.” – Haruki Murakami, Colorless Tsukuru Tazaki and His Years of Pilgrimage

“Memories warm you up from the inside. But they also tear you apart.” – Haruki Murakami, Kafka on the Shore

And once the storm is over you won’t remember how you made it through, how you managed to survive. You won’t even be sure, in fact, whether the storm is really over. But one thing is certain. When you come out of the storm you won’t be the same person who walked in. That’s what this storm’s all about.” – Haruki Murakami, Kafka on the Shore

“Lost opportunities, lost possibilities, feelings we can never get back. That’s part of what it means to be alive. But inside our heads – at least that’s where I imagine it – there’s a little room where we store those memories. A room like the stacks in this library. And to understand the workings of our own heart we have to keep on making new reference cards. We have to dust things off every once in awhile, let in fresh air, change the water in the flower vases. In other words, you’ll live forever in your own private library.” – Haruki Murakami, Kafka on the Shore

“Listen up – there’s no war that will end all wars.” – Haruki Murakami, Kafka on the Shore

“Silence, I discover, is something you can actually hear.” – Haruki Murakami, Kafka on the Shore

“There’s no such thing as perfect writing, just like there’s no such thing as perfect despair.” – Haruki Murakami, Hear the Wind Sing

“For example, the wind has its reasons. We just don’t notice as we go about our lives. But then, at some point, we are made to notice. The wind envelops you with a certain purpose in mind, and it rocks you. The wind knows everything that’s inside you. And not just the wind. Everything, including a stone. They all know us very well. From top to bottom. It only occurs to us at certain times. And all we can do is go with those things. As we take them in, we survive, and deepen.” – Haruki Murakami, Hear the Wind Sing

“Whenever I look at the ocean, I always want to talk to people, but when I’m talking to people, I always want to look at the ocean.” – Haruki Murakami, Hear the Wind Sing

“On any given day, something claims our attention. Anything at all, inconsequential things. A rosebud, a misplaced hat, that sweater we liked as a child, an old Gene Pitney record. A parade of trivia with no place to go. Things that bump around in our consciousness for two or three days then go back to wherever they came from… to darkness. We’ve got all these wells dug in our hearts. While above the wells, birds flit back and forth.” – Haruki Murakami, Pinball, 1973

“Me, I’ve seen 45 years, and I’ve only figured out one thing. That’s this: if a person would just make the effort, there’s something to be learned from everything. From even the most ordinary, commonplace things, there’s always something you can learn. I read somewhere that they said there’s even different philosophies in razors. Fact is, if it weren’t for that, nobody’d survive.” – Haruki Murakami, Pinball, 1973

“Sometimes I feel like a caretaker of a museum — a huge, empty museum where no one ever comes, and I’m watching over it for no one but myself.”- Haruki Murakami, Pinball, 1973

“If you only read the books that everyone else is reading, you can only think what everyone else is thinking.” – Haruki Murakami, Norwegian Wood
“What happens when people open their hearts?” “They get better.” – Haruki Murakami, Norwegian Wood

“Nobody likes being alone that much. I don’t go out of my way to make friends, that’s all. It just leads to disappointment. ” – Haruki Murakami, Norwegian Wood

“Unfortunately, the clock is ticking, the hours are going by. The past increases, the future recedes. Possibilities decreasing, regrets mounting.” – Haruki Murakami, Dance Dance Dance

“As time goes on, you’ll understand. What lasts, lasts; what doesn’t, doesn’t. Time solves most things. And what time can’t solve, you have to solve yourself.” – Haruki Murakami, Dance Dance Dance

“What we seek is some kind of compensation for what we put up with.” – Haruki Murakami, Dance Dance Dance

“Every one of us is losing something precious to us. Lost opportunities, lost possibilities, feelings we can never get back again. That’s part of what it means to be alive.” – Haruki Murakami, Kafka on the Shore

“If you remember me, then I don’t care if everyone else forgets.” – Haruki Murakami, Kafka on the Shore
“Whiskey, like a beautiful woman, demands appreciation. You gaze first, then it’s time to drink.” – Haruki Murakami, Hard-Boiled Wonderland and the End of the World

“Music brings a warm glow to my vision, thawing mind and muscle from their endless wintering.” – Haruki Murakami, Hard-Boiled Wonderland and the End of the World

“Most everything you think you know about me is nothing more than memories.” – Haruki Murakami, A Wild Sheep Chase

“Sometimes I get real lonely sleeping with you.” – Haruki Murakami, A Wild Sheep Chase

“The light of morning decomposes everything.” – Haruki Murakami, A Wild Sheep Chase

We can invest enormous time and energy in serious efforts to know another person, but in the end, how close can we come to that person’s essence? We convince ourselves that we know the other person well, but do we really know anything important about anyone?” – Haruki Murakami, The Wind-Up Bird Chronicle

“Memories and thoughts age, just as people do. But certain thoughts can never age, and certain memories can never fade.” – Haruki Murakami, The Wind-Up Bird Chronicle

“Spend your money on the things money can buy. Spend your time on the things money can’t buy.” – Haruki Murakami, The Wind-Up Bird Chronicle

“But even so, every now and then I would feel a violent stab of loneliness. The very water I drink, the very air I breathe, would feel like long, sharp needles. The pages of a book in my hands would take on the threatening metallic gleam of razor blades. I could hear the roots of loneliness creeping through me when the world was hushed at four o’clock in the morning.” – Haruki Murakami, The Wind-Up Bird Chronicle



The Ten Commandments of Goal Setting

You shall set big goals. When the goals you’re aiming for are lofty, then you will develop thoughts, actions, and habits to help you achieve them. This self-development will become the foundation of your success. Big goals drive change, from which emerges the need for growth.
You shall write down your goals. A wise man once said that a goal that is never written down is only a wish.
You shall set your goals as early as you can. Goddard started at 15. Start now and write your goals down. As the entrepreneur and visionary Walt Disney said, “Don’t wait another day, “A person should set his goals as early as he can and devote all his energy and talent to getting there. With enough effort, he may achieve it. Or he may find something that is even more rewarding. But in the end, no matter what the outcome, he will know he has been alive.”
You shall break your goals down into bite-sized mini goals. Perhaps the most difficult part in setting goals is breaking them into manageable daily, weekly, and monthly bite-sized goals. For example, if one of your goals is “To be my ideal weight, have an athletic, fit body and eat food that is both nutritious and healthy,” then you must act every day, week, and month to make that a reality. Your plan may involve walking daily for forty-five minutes, lifting weights three times a week, and seeing a dietician to formulate a monthly eating plan.
You shall visualize it. Put a Sticky note on your mirror or computer screen and look at your goals everyday. Take a moment to reflect upon each of your achievable aspirations. Picture what it would be like to already be there. How does it feel, look, and smell? See yourself there and you will be.
You shall start with what you have. For example, you may have a goal of developing a retreat center for abused children. You have no money, nor even an idea of what such a project entails. Start with what you can do. On your day off, visit a real estate agent to talk about properties on the market, the size that would be required, and necessary permits. Or search the Internet for people already doing this and contact them. Or visit an established center and serve as a volunteer on your holidays. Research and learning are free.
You shall understand your personal rhythms and cycles. Everyone has natural rhythms and cycles, be they daily, weekly, or monthly. Do you know your rhythms and cycles? I recall reading about one of history’s great opera singers. She understood that to reach her goal of performing her best she needed to understand her cycles. In learning about her preparation, peak performance, and recovery she not only reached her goals but maintained them over a career spanning several decades. For example, perhaps you notice that you are most alert, intelligent, and decisive in the morning. You may also discover that early in the week you may be more analytical, but later in the week you are more creative. To achieve your goals, learn to work in harmony with such cycles.
You shall set deadlines. In order to stay on target with goals, it is important to set specific deadlines. Be certain, in setting deadlines, that you under-commit and over-deliver. Wise King Solomon once wrote, “Hope deferred makes the heart sick” (Prov. 13:12a). If you keep promising yourself something and it never happens, eventually you will grow despondent. Instead of a positive effect in life, your goals can turn into a negative consequence.
You shall be decisive. Success is a choice. Don’t achieve your parents’, partner’s, children’s, or best friend’s goals. Decide what you want, why you want it, and how you plan to achieve it. No one else can, will, or should do that for you.
You shall just do it. Action is a powerful force. Sometimes the greatest thing I have done has been to get out of my chair and take action. Some people are waiting for a sign or a feeling. Or they are waiting until they have enough money, education, and opportunity before actin


In Hindu vedanta, “antahkarana” means in Sanskrit the inner cause; and it refers to the cobmination of both levels of mind, the buddhi, the intellect , and the manas, the mind which include the mental body ans is organised into four parts.
Ahamkāra (ego) – identified as  the Atman (self)  ‘I’
Buddhi (intellect) – controls  the decision making
Manas (mind) – controls sankalpas (will or resolution of mind)
Chitta (memory) – deals with remembering and forgetting
“antahkarana” also  refers to the entire psychological process, including mind and emotions, which are mentioned as a unit that functions with all parts working together as a whole.
Moreover  considering that mind are part and parcel of  body, : mano maya kosha – related to manas – the mind ‘s part related to five senses, and also craving for new and pleasant sensations and emotions, while buddhi (intellect, intelligence, capacity to reason), is related to vijnana maya kosha – the body part of consciousness, knowledge, intuition and experience are considered its constituents.

on FATHER: shared on whatsup by Soumya in tamil

🌺ஒரு தந்தையாவது மிகவும் இலகுவானது.
ஒரு தந்தையாக இருப்பது மிகவும் கடினமானது.

ஒரு மனிதன், பின்னாளில் தனக்கு சொந்தமாக்கி வைத்திருக்கிற துணிச்சலும், திடமும் அப்பா என்கிற அடிவேரிலிருந்து கிடைத்தது தான். ஒரு குழந்தையின் நடத்தை, பழக்க வழக்கம், பண்பு எல்லாவற்றுக்கும் முன்னுதாரணமான வழிகாட்டி தந்தையே.

🌺🚹கடவுள் மனித உயிர்களுக்கு அளித்த மிகப்பெரிய வெகுமதி தந்தை. ஒரு நல்ல தந்தை ஆயிரம் ஆசிரியர்களுக்கு சமமாக இருப்பார். எப்போதும் எங்களோடு கூட இருந்து வழிகாட்டுகிற இந்த அகல்விளக்கின் தியாகம் அளப்பரியது.

🚹🌺தன் குழந்தையை வளர்த்து ஆளாக்க பொருளாதார ரீதியாக தந்தைமார் சுமக்கிற சிலுவைகள் கனதியானவை. அதற்காக அவர்கள் படுகிற பாடுகள் வலிமிகுந்தவை.ا

🌺🚹ஒரு நல்ல தகப்பனுக்கு தன் குழந்தைகளின் வளர்ச்சி மீது இருக்கிற அக்கறையினதும், அங்கலாய்ப்பினதும் தீவிரம் வேறெந்த உறவுகளிடமும் இருக்காது. தம் குழந்தைகளின் எதிர்காலம் பற்றியே சதா சிந்திக்கும் அப்பாக்கள் அவர்களுக்காகவே தம் வாழ்க்கை முழுவதையும் தியாகம் செய்து விடுகின்றனர்.

🌺🚹அம்மா என்றால் அன்பு என்கின்றோம். ஆனால் வெளிக்காட்டிக் கொள்ளாத அப்பாக்களின் அன்பும் மிகுந்த ஆழமானது தான். அவர்களின் பாசமும் ஈரமானது தான்.

🌺🚹தம் பிள்ளைகளை நல்வழிப்படுத்தி கூட்டிச் செல்வதற்கு அவர்களுக்கு கண்டிப்பு அவசியமாகிறது. அதனாலென்னவோ பல அப்பாக்கள் தம் பிள்ளைகள் மீது கொண்டிருக்கிற தாய்க்கு நிகரான நேசத்தை மிகவும் இரகசியமாகவே வைத்திருக்கிறார்கள்.ا

🌺🚹தந்தை என்கிற சூரியனின் வெளிச்சம் நன்றாக கிடைத்துவிட்டால்

பிள்ளைத் தாவரங்கள் இயல்பாகவே செழித்து வளர்ந்து விடும். வாழ்வின் அனுபவப் பாடங்கள் அனைத்தினதும் மிகச் சிறந்த ஆசானாக ஒவ்வொரு இளைஞனுக்கும் யுவதிக்கும் அவரவர் அப்பாக்களே இருக்கிறார்கள்.

🌺🚹நாம் வாழும் சமூகத்திற்கு ஒரு நல்ல மனிதன் கிடைத்திருக்கிறான் என்றால் அவனுக்கு பின்னால் ஒரு பொறுப்பு மிக்க தந்தையின் கடும் உழைப்பும் தியாகமும் இருந்திருக்கிறதென்றே அர்த்தம்.

🌺🚹யானையின் பலம் தும்பிக்கையிலே என்பது எவ்வளவு தூரம் உண்மையானதோ.. அதைவிட உண்மையானது ஒரு மனிதனின் பலம் நம்பிக்கையிலே என்பது. ஒவ்வொரு மனித மனசுக்குள்ளும் ஓடிக்கொண்டிருக்கும் அந்த நம்பிக்கை நதியின் நதிமூலம் அவரவர் அப்பாக்களே!

🌺🚹ஒரு குழந்தை அப்பாவின் கைப்பிடித்துக் கொண்டு எடுத்து வைக்கிற முதல் அடியே நம்பிக்கை விதையின் பதியமிடல் நிகழ்வு.ر

🌺🚹விழவும், எழவும் வலிகளையும் வடுக்களையும் தாங்கிக் கொண்டு நடக்கவும் ஒரு அப்பாவிடமிருந்து குழந்தை பெறுகிற பயிற்சி அவசியமானது.

🌺🚹இருகைகள் தட்டி எழும் ஓசை போல அம்மா அப்பா என்கிற இரு உறவுகளின் ஆரோக்கியமான இணைப்பும் பிணைப்பும் இல்லாமல் ஒரு நல்ல மனிதனை இந்த சமூகம் பெற முடியாது.

🚺🚺ஒரு தாய் தன் குழந்தை தன்னுடனேயே இருக்க வேண்டுமென்கிற அன்பின் உச்சத்தில் அதனை இடுப்பில் கெட்டியாக சுமக்கிறாள்.

🚹🚹தந்தையோ தன் குழந்தை தன்னைவிட உயர்ந்த நிலைக்கு சென்றுவிட வேண்டுமென்ற துடிப்போடு தன் தோள்களில் தூக்கி சுமக்கிறார்.

🚹ஒவ்வொரு அப்பாக்களும் பிள்ளைகளுக்காக, அவர்களுக்கு கடைசிவரை தெரியாமலேயே இருந்துவிடுகிற எத்தனை துயரங்களை சந்தித்திருப்பார்கள்?

🚹பிள்ளைகளின் நல்வாழ்வுக்காக எத்தனை பேரிடம் உதவி கேட்டு நடந்திருப்பார்கள்?

🚹எத்தனை பேரிடம் கடன் வாங்கியிருப்பார்கள்?

அதை கட்டிமுடிக்க எவ்வளவு போராடியிருப்பார்கள்?

🚹எத்தனை இரவுகள் தூங்காது இருந்திருப்பார்கள்?

🚹எத்தனை பாரங்களை மனசில் சுமந்திருப்பார்கள்?

🚹முடியுதிர்ந்த மண்டையின் வெளிகளில்..

வெடிப்பு விழுந்திருக்கும் பாதங்களில்…

நரம்பு தெரியும் கைகளில் …

நரை விழுந்த மீசைகளில் …

அப்பாக்களின் உழைப்பின் வரலாறு அமைதியாய் குடிகொண்டிருக்கிறது.

🚹தன் பிள்ளைகள் தான் படும் துயரம் கண்டு வருந்திவிடக் கூடாதென்று அவர்களுக்கு முன்னால் தம் வலிகளை எப்படி மறைத்திருப்பார்கள்?

🚹ஆசைப்பட்டு பிள்ளைகள் கேட்கிற பொருட்களுக்காக எத்தனை மணி நேரங்கள் கூடுதலாக தம் வியர்வை சிந்தியிருப்பார்கள்?

🚹மனைவி, பிள்ளைகளை ஏற்றிய குடும்ப வண்டியை இழுத்துச் செல்வதற்காக அப்பா என்கிற தியாகப் படைப்பு தன்னுடலை எவ்வளவு தூரம் வருத்தியிருக்கக் கூடும்?

🚹பிள்ளைகள் தூக்கத்திலிருக்கும் போது அவர்களின் தூக்கம் கலையாமல் முத்தமிட்டுக்கொண்டு போர்த்தி விட்டு வேலைக்குப் போகிற அப்பாக்கள் பின்னர், பிள்ளைகள் தூங்கிவிட்ட பிறகு வீடு வந்து சேருகிற போது எப்படி தாங்கிக் கொள்கிறார்கள்? எத்தனை முறை மௌனமாக அழுதிருக்கும் அவர்கள் இதயங்கள்?

🚹இதற்கும் மேலாய் உழைப்புக்காகவே கடல் கடந்து சென்று கரைந்து போகும் அப்பாக்களின் அவல வாழ்க்கையை அவர்களால் எப்படி ஏற்றுக் கொள்ள முடிகிறது? வேலை இடைவெளிகளில் பிள்ளைகளின் குரல் கேட்டு உற்சாகம் ஏற்றிக் கொள்கிற அவர்களின் உழைப்பின் பின்னாலிருக்கிற உழைச்சலை எப்படி புரியவைப்பது?

🚹படுக்கையறை கட்டிலின் தலைப்பகுதியில் தன் மனைவி பிள்ளைகளின் புகைப்படத்தை ஒட்டி வைத்துக் கொண்டு சதா வலி சுமந்து வலி சுமந்து வாழ்க்கையை சுமந்து செல்கிற இந்த அப்பாமாரின் வாழ்க்கை எத்தனை கொடுமையானது?

🚹வீரம், துணிச்சல்,
நம்பிக்கை, உழைப்பு..
இவைகள் ஒரு நல்ல அப்பாவிடமிருந்து இளைஞன் யுவதிகளுக்கு இயல்பாகவே கிடைத்து விடுகிற பெரிய வெகுமதிகள்.

🌺ஒரு இளைஞனோ யுவதியோ வளர்ந்து பெரியவனான பிறகும்,

குழந்தைகளுக்கு பெற்றோரான பிறகும் அவர்களின் தந்தை தன் பிள்ளைகளை சிறு பிள்ளைகளாகவே பார்க்கிறார். பிள்ளைகளுக்கும் அப்பாவின் ஆலோசனைகள், வழிகாட்டல்கள், அனுபவப்பாடங்கள் என எல்லாம் எப்போதும் தேவைப்படுகின்றன.

“எதுக்கும் பயப்படாதே”

“ஒன்றுக்கும் யோசிக்காதே”

“எல்லாம் வெல்லலாம்”

“மனசை தளரவிடாதே”

“நான் இருக்கிறேன்”

இவையெல்லாம் அப்பாக்கள் தம் பிள்ளைகளின் செவிகளுக்குள் கடைசிவரைக்கும் திரும்பதிரும்ப சொல்லிக் கொள்கிற நம்பிக்கை தரும் ஒற்றைக் கட்டளைகள்.

🌺அவர்கள் வாய்களிலிருந்து பிள்ளைகளின் மனங்களுக்கு கடத்தப்படுகிற இந்த வார்த்தைகளின் வீரியம் வலிமையானது.

🌺தன் இயலாமையை தான் உணர்கிற ஒரு காலத்திலும் தந்தைமார் இந்த உற்சாகம் நிறைக்கிற வார்த்தைகளை சொல்ல மறப்பதேயில்லை. அவர்களுக்கு நன்றாகவே தெரியும் தம் பிள்ளைக்கு தமது குரலொன்றே போதுமென்பது.


➡பிள்ளைகளின் சுமைதாங்கிகள்

➡பிள்ளைகளின் நெம்புகோல்கள்

➡பிள்ளைகளின் அச்சாணிகள்

➡பிள்ளைகளின் சூரியன்கள்

➡பிள்ளைகளின் திசைகாட்டிகள்

➡பிள்ளைகளின் ஆசிரியர்கள்




நேர்மையான வழிகாட்டல், 


நேசிக்கத்தக்க உபசரிப்பு, 

மாறுதலில்லா நம்பிக்கை, 





என அத்தனையும் உளமகிழ்ந்து 

செய்து வளர்த்தவர்.

தோழனுக்கு தோழனாய் 
தோள் கொடுத்தவர் அப்பா.

Chanakya at Dhanananda’ s court

‘Measure your words and hold your temper,’ Katyayan whispered urgently as Chanakya walked away from him.
‘Om! Salutations to Brihaspati and Sukra, the gurus of the gods and antigods, and the originators of the science of politics,’ started Chanakya as an opening invocation, facing Dhanananda seated on his royal throne with Rakshas standing at his right hand. ‘Om!’ chanted the assembly in chorus.
‘O enlightened teacher, how can society work in harmony towards the progress of the kingdom?’ asked Rakshas.
‘By performing one’s duty. The duties of a Brahmin are studying, teaching and interceding on man’s behalf with the gods. The duties of a Kshatriya are bearing arms and protecting all life. The duties of a Vaishya are trading, manufacturing and producing wealth. The duties of a Shudra are to serve the three higher varnas,’ declared Chanakya, knowing fully well that the king seated at the throne was a Shudra.
Rakshas was malevolently pleased. He had already lit the spark. It would not be too long before an explosion occurred. Surprisingly, Dhanananda maintained his composure and allowed the remark to slip.
‘Acharya, what should be the qualities of a king?’
‘An ideal king should be eloquent, bold, endowed with sharp intellect, strong memory and keen mind. He should be amenable to guidance. He should be strong and capable of leading the army. He should be just in rewarding and punishing. He should have foresight and avail himself of opportunities. He should be capable of governing in times of peace and times of war. He should know when to fight and when to make peace, when to lie in wait and when to strike. He should preserve his dignity at all times, be sweet in speech, straightforward and amiable. He should eschew passion, anger, greed, obstinacy, fickleness, and backbiting. He should conduct himself in accordance with the advice of elders—’
‘Oh shut up! I do not need this sermon!’ interrupted Dhanananda in a fit of rage. The court was stunned into a silence one could touch. Rakshas was at a loss for words. He had not expected such an instant result.
‘I agree with you, O King. You do not need my advice. My advice is meant for those who have the intrinsic capacity to absorb and implement my advice. You, unfortunately, have neither!’ thundered Chanakya. Katyayan cringed inwardly. Why had he brought Chanakya here? He had unwittingly placed his own hand within the lion’s jaws.
‘Rakshas! Who is this ugly oaf that you deem a revered teacher? He’s not fit to be amongst us, leave alone lecture us!’ demanded Dhanananda.
‘O noble King. He is Chanakya, the son of the dear departed Chanak,’ explained Rakshas slyly.
‘Ah! I now understand. When I ordered for that impudent dimwit’s head to be cut off, I should also have done the same for his son. Rats have a nasty habit of multiplying,’ observed Dhanananda.
‘Once again, I must agree with you, O King,’ said Chanakya, ‘you were unwise to leave me alive. An enemy should always be destroyed to the very final trace—just as I shall destroy you and your perverted dynasty one day,’ predicted Chanakya calmly.
‘Have this wretch arrested and sent to Nanda’s Hell. He can think up ways for my downfall under the tongs and probes of the talented Girika! Catch him by his puny pigtail as one catches a rat by its tail!’ shrieked Dhanananda as his royal guards moved towards Chanakya.
Chanakya’s hands went to his shikha and untied the knot that held the individual strands of hair together. In spite of his fury, Dhanananda’s curiosity was piqued and he remarked, ‘Untying your tail isn’t going to help you! A monkey shall always remain a monkey!’
‘O stupid and ignorant King, I have made it my sacred duty to unite the whole of Bharat so that it may stand up to the might of the foreign invaders at our doorstep. My first step shall be to expunge you from history. Today I take a sacred oath! I swear upon the ashes of my wise father and loving mother that I shall not re-tie my shikha until I have expelled you as well as the Macedonian invaders from my country and united it under an able and benevolent ruler!’ swore Chanakya as the guards caught hold of him by his now untied hair and dragged him towards Nanda’s Hell.

Teacher at takshila

students used to ask Chankya, who was intwrning As teaching assitant, rapid-fire questions which he would answer in his most witty and penetrating manner with little regard for political rectitude.
‘Acharya, you’re the most learned of teachers. Why shouldn’t you become a king?’
‘Honestly speaking. I don’t mind that I’m not king. I just have a problem that someone else is.’
‘Acharya, what is the reason for secrecy in government?’
‘If citizens don’t know what you’re doing, how on earth can they possibly tell what you’re doing wrong? That’s why secrecy is essential, my boy.’
‘Acharya, why do people seem to get away with not respecting the law of the land?’
‘If we want people to have respect for the law, then we must first make the law respectable, son.’
‘Acharya, isn’t the king actually a servant of the people?’
‘Correction. In order to become master, a ruler must profess to be a servant of the people.’
‘Acharya, how can the prime minister reduce the king’s burden in times of crisis or panic?’
‘Why do that? Rulers must be allowed to panic. They need to be kept busy with lots of crises. It’s their measure of achievement!’
‘Acharya, is it the sacred duty of the king to always speak the truth?’
‘Hah! The king doesn’t need the truth. What he most needs is something that he can tell the people, dear lad. After all, a good speech is not one in which you can prove that the king’s telling the truth, it’s one where no one else can prove he’s fibbing.’
‘Acharya, which are the freedoms that should be guaranteed to a citizen by the state?’
‘Hmm… let me see. It’s well known that a hungry man is more interested in four pieces of bread rather than four freedoms.’
‘Acharya, why should Brahmins like you be involved in politics?’
‘Politics is far too serious a matter to be left to politicians, son.’
‘Acharya, is war the only solution to political differences?’
‘Wise pupil, politics is war without bloodshed and war is simply politics with bloodshed.’
‘Acharya, don’t citizens have the right to know how their tax revenues are being used?’
‘Dear me. No, no, no. People don’t want to know how tax revenue has actually been spent. Does any worshipper ever ask the temple Brahmin what happened to the ritual offering made to the gods?’
‘Acharya, isn’t good government about acting on principles?’
‘Absolutely. Government is about principles. And the principle is, never act on principle.’
‘And are principles greater than money?’
‘Remember one central tenet, lad. When anybody says, “It isn’t the money, it’s the principle”, they actually mean that it’s the money.’
‘Acharya, what’s the ideal amount of time that should be spent by the king’s council debating an issue?’
‘Well, if you don’t want the council to spend too long over something, make it the last item on their agenda before refreshments.’
‘Acharya, should a king go to war to uphold law and justice?’
‘The king should always be on the side of law and justice, as long as he doesn’t allow it to come in the way of foreign policy.’
‘Acharya, what should the punishment be for a prime minister who keeps the king ignorant of happenings in the kingdom?’
‘My son, kings are ignorant not because prime ministers do not give them the right answers but because they do not ask their prime ministers the right questions. And here endeth the lesson!’

Mock interview for admission to Takshila university

‘What is the purpose of good government, Chanakya?’ asked the admissions director. They were seated on the floor in his office, a sparsely decorated room filled with musty scrolls, parchments and manuscripts. The room smelt of the eucalyptus oil lamps that illuminated the area in the evening.
The reply from Chanakya was prompt and confident. ‘In the happiness of his subjects lies the king’s happiness and in their welfare, his own welfare,’ he replied emphatically.
‘Son, what are the duties of a king?’
‘A ruler’s duties are three. Raksha—protecting the state from external aggression; palana—maintenance of law and order within; and finally, yogakshema—welfare of the people.’
‘O son of Chanak, what are the possible means by which a king can settle political disputes?’
‘There are four possible methods, sir. Sama—gentle persuasion and praise; daama—monetary incentives; danda—punishment or war; and bheda—intelligence, propaganda and disinformation.’
‘What is the difference between a kingdom, a country, and its people?’
‘There cannot be a country without people, and there is no kingdom without a country. It’s the people who constitute a kingdom; like a barren cow, a kingdom without people yields nothing.’
‘What constitutes a state, wise pupil?’
‘There are seven constituent elements, learned teacher. The king, the council of ministers, the territory and populace, the fortified towns, the treasury, the armed forces and the allies.’
‘Why does a king need ministers at all?’
‘One wheel alone does not move a chariot. A king should appoint wise men as ministers and listen to their advice.’
‘What is the root of wealth?’
‘The root of wealth is economic activity, and lack of it brings material distress. In the absence of fruitful economic activity, both current prosperity and future growth are in danger of destruction. In the manner that elephants are needed to catch elephants so does one need wealth to capture more wealth.’
‘What is an appropriate level of taxation on the people of a kingdom?’
‘As one plucks fruits from a garden as they ripen, so should a king have revenue collected as it becomes due. Just as one does not collect unripe fruits, he should avoid collecting revenue that is not due because that will make the people angry and spoil the very sources of revenue.’
‘To what extent should a king trust his revenue officials?’
‘It is impossible to know when a fish swimming in water drinks some of it. Thus it’s quite impossible to find out when government servants in charge of undertakings misappropriate money.’
‘How important is punishment in the administration of a kingdom?’
‘It is the power of punishment alone, when exercised impartially in proportion to the guilt, and irrespective of whether the person punished is the crown prince or an enemy slave, that protects this world and the next.’
‘How should a king decide which kings are his friends and which are his enemies?’
‘A ruler with contiguous territory is a rival and the ruler next to the adjoining is to be deemed a friend. My enemy’s enemy is my friend.’
The admissions director looked at the boy in amazement. He then turned to Pundarikaksha and smiled. ‘I have no doubts regarding his knowledge, analytical skills and intelligence, but who will pay his tuition?’ he asked. The dean grinned sheepishly. ‘My childhood chum Katyayan has called in a loan, my friend. I shall bear the cost personally,’ he revealed.
Chanakya prostrated himself before Pundarikaksha and requested him to accept the ten gold panas that remained from the fifty that Katyayan had provided for his trip. ‘Keep it, Chanakya. I will call in the loan as and when I deem appropriate,’ declared Pundarikaksha. ‘You shall unite the whole of Bharat; your brilliance shall be a flame that attracts kings like fireflies until they are humbled into submission; arise, Chanakya, our motherland needs you,’ pronounced the dean. The grateful lad touched Pundarikaksha’s feet wordlessly and left.
‘I wonder whether this one really needs a Takshila education,’ whispered the admissions director to the dean as Chanakya left.